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Mega Pixel Cameras in Smartphone

When you buy your mobile phone most of you look for two things first- the battery life and the camera and the more megapixel your camera has you assume will get you snap better pictures. These days most of the smartphones are powered with two cameras, the front camera and the rear camera. Typically the front selfie camera will have a lower megapixel count than the camera at the rear of the phone, because you’re usually holding the camera a lot closer to your face at the front than the subject you’re shooting at the rear. Before you think about which phone camera is best for your shooting projects or daily needs first understand few things about cameras.

The Megapixels in Cameras

Which phone camera is best

Mega pixel is the extension of the word pixel so to understand what a megapixel is, you need to understand what a pixel is. A pixel is, in visual/IT terms, a single dot in a visual image. An example to understand better is to go back to the days when you had Cathode Ray Tube Tvs and when looking their screen, you could make out the individual little red, blue and green onscreen dots. Each of those was a pixel. Stare closely at your LCD or OLED TV and you probably won’t see the same thing, because today’s TVs tend to pack in millions of pixels into the same space, leading to better images that appear more natural.

Work of pixel in cameras

Work of Pixels in Camera

Each pixel’s job in a digital camera of any type is to capture the image data of whatever you’re pointing the camera at, relative to the reflected light from that object. A megapixel (MP) is a count of the number of pixels in an image, where the mega- prefix denotes a million. So an 8MP smartphone camera contains a sensor with 8 million pixels, a 16MP camera has 16 million pixels on its sensor and so on.

The megapixels that your camera needs

The megapixel that your camera needs depends on your need as what type of photo shoot you are looking forward to. Are you a professional photographer or just simple daily needs snaps to shoot.

It’s feasible to print lower-megapixel prints at larger sizes, but typically a higher megapixel count will allow you to more comfortably print A4 or poster-sized prints simply because you’re expanding on a greater pixel count without making individual pixels more evident.

You can use some simple maths to determine a minimum megapixel count for example a full HD TV, has a pixel count that equates to only 2MP, so anything better than that is in essence being downscaled. If you’re viewing images on a 4K display, that figure bumps up to 8MP.

According to experts the reality for just about anything that isn’t a pure budget phone is that it’s likely to shoot at 8MP or better anyway right now, and that’s not a trend that’s going to reverse suddenly. If you never print, a higher megapixel count isn’t going to be quite as critical a factor, although there are other areas where it can be surprisingly handy.

Using a higher megapixel rating to create a zoom is one of those areas. The last few years have seen a few camera/smartphone hybrids, such as Samsung’s Galaxy Zoom or Panasonic’s Lumix CM1, but for the most part, true optical zoom isn’t something you get on a smartphone. What you can do however is the digital equivalent of zooming in by cropping a higher megapixel photo down to a lower megapixel equivalent.

But on the other hand one notable downside to a larger megapixel photo is that you’ve got to store all those pixels somewhere. If you’re always shooting at the maximum capability of your smartphone, you’ll use up a lot more space than if you shoot at lower resolutions like if you set your phone to automatically upload pictures to a cloud service like iCloud, Google Drive or Dropbox, you’ll also chew through a lot of data.

Most smartphone camera apps allow you to set the megapixel count of each shot, so if you’re using a phone with fixed storage, like an iPhone of any generation or the newer Samsung Galaxy S6 or Galaxy Note 5, turning the resolution down on your shots can be a great way to save storage space.


A smartphone with an 8 megapixel camera might actually take better pictures than one with a 21 megapixel camera, irrespective of camera operator skill. That’s because there’s more to taking images in a variety of situations than just cramming a higher megapixel count into a camera. Take the size of the individual pixels to take into consideration, especially if you’re shooting in low-light situations. Some smartphones, such as HTC’s One line and Apple’s iPhone have cameras with lower megapixel counts, but larger individual pixel sizes within that overall count.

It is because the function of each pixel is to capture the light from whatever you’re pointing the camera at. A larger pixel size, measured in nanometers, allows more light to make its way to the sensor, which means it’s more sensitive to light in most situations. The larger the pixel size, the larger the overall sensor and the better the general capabilities of the smartphone camera. Software can also play an important role as many smartphones offer camera apps finely tuned to the specifics of the on board camera optics on that phone, making them better or worse than other smartphones even with the same raw megapixel count.

Also different camera apps give you differing levels of control over your smartphone’s functionality, from whether or not it’ll shoot in RAW format to shutter timing and even specific modes for selfie shots to “beautify” your face — although results there can vary quite widely.

It’s worth pointing out, however, that it is perfectly feasible to take very good photographs with a lower quality or smaller sensor. There are always the issues of composition skill and timing to take into account. Having more tools in your camera toolbox, even with a smartphone camera, gives you more possibilities, but it won’t automatically make you a better photographer.

Some smartphone cameras also feature optical image stabilisation. This packs tiny sensors into the camera lens to detect and correct for the minute vibrations that your hands make when taking photos. The practical end effect of all that technology should be a significant reduction in the amount of blur in your shots, although again the scale of lenses in this case means that they can’t apply as much correction as on a “full” lens camera such as a DSLR.

If you’re serious about your smartphone photography, you’re going to largely want to concentrate on the premium end of the sector, because this is where most phone manufacturers combine the majority of their smartphone camera design smarts. You can take great shots with an ordinary smartphone camera, but the cheaper models often have very slow startup times, so you miss shots, or slow focus speeds, so you may end up with blurry photos. Therefore it is not only the megapixel count in a phone camera to assess the overall photographic quality but many other factors are taken into consideration. (Sourced from various websites on phone cameras)

In a world full of expensive smartphones, OnePlus gave thrifty shoppers options with the release of the 5T. This model defies the stereotype that you have to spend more to get a quality smartphone. The OnePlus 5T won’t win any beauty contests against the iPhone X or Galaxy Note, but its features are on-point. Its modest design harnesses a surprising amount of powerful features. These range from quality dual cameras to a fresh version of Android. Together these specs ensure that users can find a bargain smartphone without breaking their budgets before Christmas.

Word of the OnePlus 5T is spreading fast, which makes it impossible to ignore this holiday season. While some people will flock to buy iPhone X’s, many will search for better deals. Out of all the bargain smartphones, the OnePlus 5T stands out. To make sure our readers get the best deal, we dove into the intricacies of this new release. After taking the 5T for a day long test, we were able to create the most comprehensive review online. What we found was shocking, so prepare to get an intimate look at the OnePlus 5T!

Exploring the OnePlus 5T

OnePlus 5T

This phone is breaking down barriers for frugal customers.

While the last release focused on internal improvements, the OnePlus 5T aims to renew the phone’s image. This release underwent some notable transformations, with the most obvious being in its design. The 5T is taller than its predecessor and adopted slim bezels that have become all too popular. By hopping onboard the slim bezel bandwagon of Samsung and Apple, the OnePlus 5T hopes to blend in.

While this 6-inch screen is charming, its still a far cry from the smoothness of the iPhone X or Galaxy Note. Despite this dramatic change, the screen size and metal used is the same as the last release. The only noticeable change while using it is the fingerprint sensor. It was moved to the back of the phone to accommodate this new design. While this can be annoying for some users, the sensor is accurate enough to easily make the transition.

Out of all the changes that the OnePlus 5T has undergone, the most exciting is hands down the cameras. Users still get access to dual cameras that sport the same 16 and 20 megapixel proportions. However, they now have wildly different functions. They aim to imitate the portrait photography prowess of the iPhone X and low-light excellence of the Google Pixel 2.

As always, innovation has its minor setbacks. Switching from telephoto to low-light was a mixed blessing for the OnePlus 5T. While low light photos are noticeably better, zooming in is limited. It’s a small inconvenience that’s overshadowed by the benefits of these new cameras. The front camera is 16 megapixels, which makes taking detailed selfies a breeze.

OnePlus 5T

Enjoy smaller bezels and a more refined look!

Another plus to this phone is its version of Android, OxygenOS. It’s remarkably clean and showcases what happens when an interface is customized for Android. OnePlus claims that this interface gives users 20% greater power efficiency. Judging by the looks of the software, this claim is believable.

Apart from the aforementioned changes, the inside of the OnePlus 5T is pretty standard. It’s powered by a Qualcomm Snapdragon 835 processor with 8GB of RAM. It runs on Android 71.1 Nougat and will upgrade to Android 8.0 Oreo beta in late December. It also sports the Face unlock feature but using the fingerprint reader on the back is wise. They also preserved the 3.5 millimeter headphone jack, which is refreshing for those who refuse to switch to earbuds. Unlike the competition, this phone isn’t water resistant and doesn’t sport wireless charging.

At the end of the day, OnePlus did a spectacular job with the 5T. They managed to create a quality smartphone that retails at half the price of the competition. At $499, this phone is extremely tempting for anyone who’s shopping on a budget. It may not be more attractive than a high end phone, but there are plenty of features to seduce new users.


Access 4000

Access 4000 is an app that helps people with disabilities to navigate their way around and allow them to target the sort of venue they desire to access with the required features that venue must have. Thus this app builds momentum for accessible communities by identifying accessible venues and infrastructure.

This app was launched in June 2017 by the Brisbane-based disability support service Carers Link, in partnership with Disability Support Queensland, for people with disability and frail older people.

Access 4000 acts as a driver for people with a physical disability and other mobility issues, accessing transport, community venues and businesses in Brisbane and other areas in Australia. As the disable face many challenges in finding information about these access features they opt to stay home but with this app it improves their lifestyle.

Features of the app

Members of the community can share venues and services that are access friendly, such as businesses that provided wheelchair ramps, disabled toilets and parking. Venue categories include train stations, ferries, libraries and public pools, as well as tourist attractions and shopping centres. Accessibility features include disabled parking and toilets, wheelchair/pram access, and support for low vision or blindness.

How to get started with this app

Access 4000 app

Download the Access 4000 app all free from iTunes store if you own an iOS device like iPhone or from Google play if you own an Android.

  • Register yourself by creating an account
  • Now log in with your user name and password
  • Select category from the given categories
  • Search for venues under the given categories
  • Look out for their features or services they provide for disabled
  • You can easily swipe to change the category or venue and press to select the feature you wish to access.

Suppose you are using a wheel chair you can search the venues that provide this feature for old and disabled. So its great to know ahead of time what access features a business has, such as wheelchair ramps and gives you the confidence and the motivation to go out.

Now you no need to call to get the information you want

The app is also improving with new categories to add with additional sensory features and other functions, as well as to expand the app to all of Queensland.

Access 4000 uses map-based technology to allow people to find businesses and venues across Brisbane as of now that offer the accessibility features they require. Users can filter their searches by venue or the type of accessibility feature.

Note that you need iOS 8.1 or later compatible device for your iPhone and 4.1 and up for Android devices.


Even though most punters would be surprised, the best place to play pokies in Central America is Panama. This tropical paradise isn’t just a great place to soak up some sun, it’s a gambling oasis. Between their casinos and sports betting parlors, there’s plenty of options for punters. Over 46 legal gambling facilities operate in 11 cities throughout Panama. Even though casinos can be found in numerous places, the biggest gambling city is the capital. Panama City sports 28 gambling facilities with a combined 179 tables and 6,804 gaming machines.

With so many options to choose from, Panama is quickly becoming a punter’s paradise. From the casinos to the tropical climate, visitors are hard pressed to find a more welcoming country to test their luck. Unfortunately, having a slew of options can make finding the best casinos a taxing endeavor. For this reason, we have compiled a list of the top casinos in Panama. They are the best places to play pokies, so make sure to visit them on your next trip!

Top Casinos in Panama


Try your luck at this vibrant venue!

Casino #3: Royal Casino – Out of all the casinos in Panama City, this one manages to stand out. This casino is affiliated with the Marriott, so their options easily live up to international standards. Unsurprisingly, being nestled on the first floor of the Marriott has its perks. Their décor is impressive and their staff’s hospitality is unmatched. Punters can enjoy a top notch cocktail service as they indulge in the many options on the game floor.

Even though their interior is delightfully modern, their selection of games is even more impressive. Their game floor is bursting at the seams with 30 table games that feature everything from poker to Spanish 21. For those who love pokies, they have over 400 gaming machines. This epic selection of games is unmatched, and there’s no better place to relax than at this casino!


This casino is bursting at the seams with options!

Casino #2: Majestic – When it comes to location, this casino can’t be beaten. This venue is strategically located right next to the Multicentro Shopping Center in Panama City. On top of providing great shopping options, this casino is also next door to the Radisson Hotel. With entertainment and quality lodging out of the way, punter’s can focus on the games.

When it comes to Majestic’s game floor, they hold nothing back. Their 36 table games boast a surprisingly robust amount of options. Blackjack, Canal 21, Roulette, Craps, Baccarat, Texas Hold’Em, Three Card Poker, Caribbean Stud & Hole-card blackjack are available to guests. They use a continuous shuffler to discourage card counters. Even though their table games are impressive, their pokies machines are where the action is at. Punter’s can indulge in over 489 pokies machines. These range from exotic releases to major brands, so there’s no excuse not to get a piece of the action!


It doesn’t get better than this casino in Panama!

Casino #1: Veneto – This is the biggest casino in Panama, so it’s indispensable for any respectable punter. Their gorgeous complex is only overshadowed by its vibrant game floor. They have 56 table games that offer Blackjack, Roulette, Craps, Casino Hold ‘Em & Caribbean Stud.

During weekdays from 5 to 7pm, they offer 2 to 1 for a blackjack in spades. This lowers the house edge by a shocking 0.15%, which gives the punter a 0.03% advantage. On top of being the only casino where the player can have the upper hand, they have a massive selection of pokies. Over 625 pokies machines illuminate the game floor, so there’s enough options to please anyone!


Acorns App

Acrons is the financial app that you all know is quite popular but lately a new technology has featured in this app which can  predict your spend thrift behaviour even before you open you wallet.

This artifical intelligence will predict what you spend before it even leaves your wallet and will advise how much cash you’ll have at the end of the month in new Australian-made technology  known as ‘robo-budget’ technology featuring in the financial app Acorns.

It will also identify whether you’re splashing too much cash on entertainment, eating out, and shopping, and is designed for a millennial audience who often skimp on meals and cut back at the end of each pay cycle.

According to Acorns chief executive George Lucas the artificially intelligent budgeting feature was created to help users manage their personal finances with as little effort as possible, and was the first of its kind.It can start giving tips to customers about ways they can adjust their spending automatically and make them aware of how they are spending money.

The new My Finances feature scans and categorises all transactions in users’ bank and credit card accounts, breaking down spending into fields such as entertainment, transport, and accommodation, and using them to create monthly spending reports.

Acorns revealed the new feature alongside a new study of 1000 Australian showing three out of four millennials cut back on spending while waiting for their next pay cycle, and more than half skimped on meals to eke out savings.

The new feature also comes just over a year after the Acorns app launched in Australia, and seven months after it accused the Commonwealth Bank of blocking its customers from accessing its services. Despite the hurdle, the app has been downloaded more than 200,000 times.

Acorns App

So it’s certainly a useful tool to save more and for investors who  pay $1 a month until their account balance hits $5,000, then 0.25% of their account balance per year.

Investing with Acorn

There’s no minimum to open an account, but the service requires a $5 balance to start investing in one of Acorn’s five pre-built portfolios. The only thing better than building an investment portfolio out of a bunch of spare change is building an investment portfolio out of someone else’s money. Acorns’ Found Money program essentially lets you do that: It’s cash back for your investment account.

Acorns has partnered with a short but relatively mighty list of companies — including Jet, Blue Apron, Airbnb, Boxed and Hulu — to give you up to 10% cash back when you use a linked payment method at one of the partners. In most cases, you get the cash back automatically, without an additional step. You simply use a card linked to an active Acorns account to make the purchase, and the Found Money rewards will land in your account in 30 to 60 days.

Acorns app

Like other robo-advisors, Acorns takes the investing reins from the user. The app considers your data — including age, goals, income and time horizon — and then recommends one of five portfolios that range from conservative to aggressive. You can accept that recommendation or choose a different portfolio that takes more or less risk.

The portfolios themselves, though, are smaller than the average robo-advisor-built portfolio, made up of low-cost iShares and Vanguard exchange-traded funds that cover just six asset classes: real estate, large-cap stocks, small-cap stocks, emerging markets and corporate and government bonds.

How to get started

Download Acorns from the App Store and create an account. It does ask for some pretty personal details though to help work out the best investment portfolio for you, so if you really value your digital privacy, this might not be for you.

Once you’ve created your account, link your bank accounts and credit cards. The ease of setting this up depends on what bank you’re with.

All the big banks are here, plus most other institutions under the more banks section. Once you’re all set up and connected, you begin to customise. You can select how much you want to round up when it lands on an even dollar and your most important part is selecting what portfolio you want.

Your money can be invested in five fund types, ranging from conservative, which puts most into cash and bonds, through to aggressive which has over 80% allocated to equities.

You will find  mostly large Australia stocks, but there’s a few Asian ones in there too. The roundups work really well, so essentially, if you spend $3.50 on a coffee the app will then automatically round up 50c into your investment account. Once you’ve rounded up $5 worth of change it then deposits it into your account. You can also accelerate this if you want and deposit more money as you please.

Thus this Aussie app uses artificial intelligence to predict personal budget blowouts before you spend. You can download the app from Google Play for Android and from app store iTunes for iOS smartphones and tablets. To know more about Acorns just visit their website online.


Best Broadband

If you are searching for the best mobile broadband plans in Australia then here are the three best plans that give you fast and stable internet connection. As more and more people opt to use mobile or tablets to search or browse the internet and the mobile internet searched this year were up by 45% compared to last year, all want best mobile broadband plan.

So let’s take a look at the plans available, starting with SIM Only options, then tablet plans, and lastly mobile broadband options that could work as an alternative to a fixed connection.

SIM only plan

Sim only plan

SIM only plan can be found at almost all of the network providers in Australia. They all offer the same thing, for about the same price. This is because most of these providers are MVNOs on the Optus network, meaning they have similar wholesale arrangements will Optus. It also gives Optus the allowance it needs to blow them all away with a double data deal.

Because these are all SIM Only plans, you will need to BYO device, like a tablet or a WiFi modem. The smaller providers don’t sell devices, so you might need to get on eBay to find one. Also if you have an old phone lying around, you may be able to use it as a WiFi hotspot. Some of the big telcos lock the SIMs so that they don’t work in phones, but when testedwith providers like Amaysim it worked well.

Broadband tablet plans

Broadband tablet plans

If it’s entertainment you’re after, team it with a value-packed tablet plan and enjoy data free entertainment streaming. Stream movies and TV shows in standard definition on the Yes TV by Fetch, Netflix, Stan, ABC iview, ABC KIDS iview and ABC ME apps and music on Google Play Music, iHeartRadio and Spotify apps, on selected mobile broadband plans without using your data. Data Pool lets you combine data from different eligible tablet and mobile plans on the one bill to share across devices, so you can make the most out of your data.

The cheapest plans with a 5GB of data or more  probably what you’ll need in a tablet each month. It’s also worth keeping in mind that if you’re already a Telstra, Optus or Vodafone customer, you might be better off getting a data SIM from your supplier and data sharing across your phone and tablet SIMs. The plans tend to be a bit more expensive, but the data-sharing feature is handy.

Broadband plan for WiFi modem

Wireless Internet plans

If you want the best alternatives to the NBN, a few of Wi Fi Modem plans are designed to fill the gap for people who struggle with fixed line services. Vividwireless and Optus both have products with a fair bit of data for the month at decent prices. It is worth knowing that both speed limit the connections: Vividwireless to 10Mbps and Optus at 12Mbps.  Vividwireless provides wireless internet using 4G LTE technology and you can access the internet without a phone line or cable outlet.  You can be online within minutes of receiving your device without the need for technicians to come to your house. Unlike other internet providers, their technology is purpose built for data rather than mobile phone services. So you get great access to the internet to search, download, share and send data easily.

Which are the telcom companies that provide mobile broadband plans?

The mobile broadband plans are provided by Optus, Amaysim, Spin Tel, Telstra and Dodo. At the time of writing Optus had six plans on offer starting from $35, Amaysim had four plans starting from $65, Spin Tel had two with $57.95, Telstra offering five plans with $45 as start price and Dodo offered only one plan of $85. You need to check with the providers as the prices are always subject to change. Also you can compare the plans of each service provider and then decide which suits you the best. So if you are frequently on the move thenmobile broadband packages are what you should go for.


In this day and age, it’s almost impossible to escape using dating apps. As traditional courtship slowly fades away, more people are turning to apps to meet. While this trend may be alarming to some, it’s opening up doors to a cultural revolution. People can meet simply by swiping their phones, which is breaking down barriers that used to limit us. Now that you no longer have to mingle at social events, the spotlight has returned to social apps.

While some people mourn the death of traditional interaction, the convenience of dating apps can’t be ignored. What was once viewed as a corny way to meet has now become essential to connect. Just like social media, dating apps have steadily become a part of our lives. With millions of people looking for partners, developers are scrambling to fine tune dating apps.

This newfound interest has paved the way for a slew of apps that revolve around kindling romance. While they may look eerily similar, a few key differences separate some from the pack. With so many choices to choose from, finding the ideal dating app can be daunting. For this reason, we have compiled a list of the best dating apps ever created. Prepare to find your next lover with this lineup of premium dating apps!

Best Dating Apps in 2017

Dating Apps

This app puts ladies first.

Dating App #3: Bumble – For women who are turned off by aggressive men, this app levels out the playing field. Instead of allowing anyone to message, the woman has to initiate the conversation for heterosexual relationships. In same sex encounters, anyone can interact first. While this app prides itself on protecting their users from unwanted advances, it isn’t entirely original. Their setup is extremely similar to Tinder, since people find matches through photos. However, if the woman doesn’t message the guy within 24 hours the connection gets dropped.

On one hand, this app is a breath of fresh air for women who like to take control. Having protective features nearly eliminates inappropriate encounters, but it does have its downsides. Female dominant apps normally attract more passive male users. Even though this stereotype isn’t a hundred percent true, you can definitely tell the difference on this platform. This app is still a great way to find your match, since it attracts people who are turned off by the aggressive nature of the major dating apps. Try your luck with something new!

Dating Apps

This classic artfully made the transition!

Dating App #2: – Long before apps dominated our lives, was uniting lovers online. They pioneered online dating, so it’s no surprise that their app is superb. Instead of logging in through Facebook, users go through a rigorous signup process. From there they can add photos and select their preferences. After the profile is set up, users can “wink” at other people and start chats.

While this app is a great way to meet people, it comes at a price. The free option only gets you so far. The cheapest way to get the most out of the app is $21 a month for six months. For this reason, this app is an investment. It’s up to you to decide if the price is worth your online quest to find true love!

Dating Apps

This app revolutionized the industry!

Dating App #1: Tinder – When it comes to user-interfaces, Tinder is king. Their setup is so simple that there’s no excuse not to create an account. To limit spammers, each account is created through Facebook. From there users can add up to six pictures and a 500-character bio. Once all your details are added, you are shown a never ending stream of photos for potential lovers. These can be vetted by swiping, and once you both approve each other a chat can be initiated.

The ease of use and wide range of users has made Tinder the champion of dating apps. They currently have over 50 million users with 26 million matches made a day. This leads to 1.5 million dates a week, which is an impressive figure that no other platform can boast. If you are tired of being single, download this app and start swiping!


Mobile Network

In 2020 you are going to see some significant changes in Australia’s Mobile Networks. With TPG set to launch a fourth mobile network, the rise of new WiFi based services and 5G set to become a reality in the new decade.

Lately TPG Telecom Ltd has announced it intends to become Australia’s fourth mobile network operator, along with Telstra, Optus and Vodafone. TPG Telecom Ltd has purchased spectrum licenses for A$1.26 billion and will spend another A$600 million building the network infrastructure. However, it has emphasised it will not be competing across the whole Australian market, just 80% of the population.

So here are some facts based on recent developments about the  Australia’s cellular network scene to look like by 2020.

The network scene will be dominated by four carriers

Mobile Network Australia

If the market can indeed support a fourth network, the network scene is likely to be dominated by four carriers whose main offering is 4G mobile communications standard. However, significant inroads by Wi-Fi based services can be expected. Also, “Internet of Things” devices may constitute a revenue stream to the four main operators, but that may well be undermined by emerging linked technologies.

Whether Australia can support a fourth operator is an open question. Consumers are certainly benefiting already, as the major operators find themselves having to cut margins as a result of competition. In 2016 service revenue dropped 1% in the first six months and a further 3% in the second six months.

The effect of TPG’s announcement on the profitability of the companies is an open question. However, investors responded by selling off shares of all the major mobile operators following the announcement, suggesting they suspect it will have a negative effect on profits throughout the industry.

The new and old networks

TPG make the point that one advantage it will have over existing operators is it will have no legacy 3G networks to support. Existing networks tend to be quite difficult to shut down. Typically a substantial number of customers will be happy with their existing service and see no reason to go through the expense and effort of purchasing a new handset and possibly changing plans to connect to a network that provides services they are not interested in.

Telstra only shut down its twenty year old 2G GSM network last year. By only running a 4G network, TPG will have a substantial advantage over other operators through not having to operate unprofitable legacy networks.

However, 4G itself may well become a legacy network in the not too distant future.

There has been a great deal of work on the next generation (5G) of cellular network, which is expected to start being deployed in the next few years.

If you raise the question about 5G cellular make TPG’s 4G network a “legacy” network the answer is unlikely. 5G cellular is still in the early stages of standardisation, and appears to be facing some political challenges that will take time to resolve. Even when standards have been finalised it will be some time before it can be deployed in Australia.

Chinese telecommunications companies and manufacturers have taken a leading role in 5G standardisation, and technology choices are likely to be influenced by Chinese requirements, in particular those related to frequencies used.

One of the goals of 5G is that it uses higher frequencies of radio spectrum than has been accessed in the past. Higher frequencies generally propagate shorter distances than lower frequencies. For densely populated countries this is less of a problem than for countries like Australia with much lower population densities. It may be necessary to use lower frequencies in Australia than in other countries. Resolving this and other issues may delay 5G introduction into Australia. Consequently you are likely to see 4G as the dominant cellular network technology for some time to come.

The upcoming challenges

Mobile Network

5G is not the only technology that poses challenges to TPG and the existing carriers.

A very interesting recent development has been the proliferation of Wireless LAN (Wi-Fi) hotspots offered by Telstra. Access points are deployed in sufficient numbers so as to provide significant coverage. Because Wi-Fi operates in the lightly regulated ISM bands and the technology is lower cost than cellular, there are far fewer barriers to entry for Wi-Fi based service operators. Businesses deploying Wi-Fi hotspots may well pose a threat to traditional cellular operators.

One of the areas of considerable growth in 4G is likely to be the “Internet of Things”. However, this area may well be undermined by technologies such as LoRaWAN specifically designed for such applications. LoRaWAN is a low power, low bitrate wireless technology able to transmit over distances of a few kilometres, designed to provide connectivity for Internet of Things devices. Significantly, like Wi-Fi, LoRaWAN operates in lightly regulated spectrum, meaning barriers to entry are low.

City dwellers will have more benefit

Mobile Network in AU

So will the consumer be better off as a consequence of TPG’s move to become a mobile operator, for consumers in the larger cities, almost certainly. City dwellers are spoilt for choice when it comes to which mobile operator they do business with, and consequently there is a great deal of competition for subscriber business.

But for consumers outside major population areas, perhaps not so much. This does lead to the question as to whether consumers could be served better if mobile infrastructure were treated as a natural monopoly with infrastructure built once, and licenses issued to operators to use it. It seems wasteful that in the suburbs of the capital cities there are typically three, soon to be four, mobile base stations within a few hundred metres of each other. In rural and remote areas there is typically one or no service.

An interesting development in this area is that competition regulator the ACCC has recently proposed that Telstra might be obliged to share its infrastructure in rural areas with other carriers. You may be seeing a de-facto move towards a utility model of mobile infrastructure. Perhaps consumers overall would be better served if mobile infrastructure were provided by a single, regulated entity. (This article has been sourced from various telecom news sites.)


For Android users who love phablets, the HTC U11 Plus is ready to steal the show. While the original U11 garnered praise, this new release takes things a step further. From a bigger screen size to a beefed-up battery, the U11 Plus has undergone some epic upgrades. Each phone caters to different tastes, but the U11 Plus was made for those who think bigger is better. While the jury is out on which is ideal, this release proves that HTC is ready to take 2017 by storm.

While it release won’t be available in America, the U11 Plus is ready to take over the rest of the world. HTC has big plans of expanding in Europe and Asia, with this model being its key selling point. We were lucky enough to get our hands on this phone to see if it lives up to the hype. What we discovered was absolutely shocking, since this release surprised us at every turn. Prepare to get an intimate look at the release that promises to put HTC back on the map!

Exploring the HTC U11 Plus

U11 Plus

This phone has received a major upgrade.

At first glance, the U11 Plus instantly reminds you that this model is larger than life. HTC shrunk the bezels to fit the new 6-inch screen into a model that’s only slightly larger than its predecessor. While it’s not too intimidatingly big, it weighs 188 grams. This is notably heavier than the original U11, which clocks in at 169 grams. While this isn’t a deal breaker, you can certainly feel the difference.

Weight issues aside, HTC did a great job with the display. They stayed loyal to LCD displays, which provide crisp, vibrant images. In total the resolution is 2880 x 1440 with a 82% screen to body ratio. This puts it on par with LG’s G6 and V30. To sweeten the deal, HTC has vowed to support HDR10 video with a new software update.

While the display is impressive, the battery is where the action is at. HTC beefed up the original battery to 3,930mAh, which provides 31% more juice. This is an impressive upgrade for a phone that already had some of the best battery performance in the industry. Unfortunately, implementing a bigger battery came at a cost. On top of being heavier, the U11 Plus lost the tapered edges of its predecessor. Losing the curved back isn’t a deal breaker, but it makes the phone feel clunky.

U11 Plus

This design is still seductive!

Despite losing its sleek design, the U11 Plus still features everything we love. It upgraded its waterproofing to IP68-rated, which was a welcome improvement from the IP167-rated U11. Aside from this improvement, the U11 Plus features all the amenities of the first release. This includes the choice between 4GB of Ram with 64GB of storage and 6GB of Ram with 128GB of storage. It will also run Android 8 Oreo, which is a nice addition to sweeten the deal.

At the end of the day, HTC did a fantastic job with the U11 Plus. They managed to beef up the original model without going overboard. It features the same squeeze features to open up menus and Google Assistant. These features may not put it on the same level as Samsung or Apple, but it’s closing the gap extremely quickly. For those who want a quality Android phone, they can’t go wrong with the U11 Plus.


Android Oreo- New Features

The Oreo name is for Android 8.0 and its Google that gives such delicious and sweet names to its Android OS like in 2009 Google dubbed Android 1.5 with the delicious codename Cupcake. Then the company tried to  maintain that snack-related naming scheme ever since and in 2013 when Android KitKat was revealed.

If you are interested in having Oreo then it goes by the looks and name and is caramelized inside with many new features which will really make your Android mobile work much faster. Here are the 14 best new features in Android Oero.

1. It will have new emojis

The new emojis have been resigned by Google and  now look more cartoonish, and it’s easier to decipher exactly what each face is intended to convey. You will no longer have that blob emjois and will have fun with new emjois. New emojis include a wizard, a dinosaur, a fairy, and an exploding head for when you hear how long your Oreo update is delayed for.

2. Picture in Picture mode for videos

With Android Oreo, you can continue a video call from Duo or watch a video started in Chrome using the picture-in-picture mode. Using it is simple and you need to  just tap the home button when the video is playing and Oreo takes care of the rest. You can do it in any app in the background  as long as app developers decide to support it. It works in Chrome for Android already: Just make any video full-screen, hit the Home button, and you’ve got a PIP window.

Android Oreo- New Features- PIP

3. Will have App shortcuts and widgets

Starting with Android Nougat, users could long-press on an app icon to use app shortcuts for common tasks. With Oreo, the look of shortcuts has been refined, and you can now access an app’s widgets from the shortcut menu as well as its info screen.

4. Comes with new settings menu

The Settings app has once again been redesigned. The slideout menu is gone, and settings have been recategorized. This is going to take some getting used to, no doubt. Also Quick Settings tiles get a new look and icons yet again.

5. Smart text select

Instead of fiddling with text selection tools, Google is adding smart text select to Android Oreo.  Basically, Oreo will identify things like addresses or phone numbers on its own. Double-tap the text to auto-highlight what you need to copy, or use the new app shortcut next to the Copy button to speed up the interaction.

Android Oreo- New Features- Widgets

6. Scanning apps for safety

To reassure users, Google is making its security measures more prominent throughout Android Oreo. This menu is found in the Settings app under Security, where you can view how often apps are scanned and when they were last scanned. Presumably, this section will also help you deal with an app Oreo deems unsafe. Google Play Protect is not just available for Oreo users, with Google recently announcing availability across all Android devices.

7. Auto-enable Wi-Fi

If you disable Wi-Fi when you’re away from home, you’ll never have to remember to turn it back on again. Android Oreo offers the option to have Wi-Fi turn back on when you’re near a known, safe Wi-Fi network, such as your home.

8. New battery settings

Android Oreo battery usage stats are getting a little more granular. When you view an app’s usage stats, it now includes how much battery was due to active use or in the background and a lot of this should happen behind the scenes, so all you will see in theory is your battery lasting for a longer stretch.

Android Oreo- New Features- Battery

9. Night Light slider

You can adjust the intensity of the blue light filter when using Android’s Night Light mode. Now no more eye strains when playing games on mobile during the night.

10. Shortcuts to the camera

The camera app bundled with Oreo has a couple of minor tweaks that might make a major difference to your photo and video taking in the future. First, you can double-tap on the screen to zoom in 50 per cent (and double-tap again to zoom out); second, you can switch between photo and video modes by tapping on the icons rather than awkwardly swiping, finally.

11. Change the shape of app icons

You can now adjust the shape of app icons without installing a theme or launcher. Currently, there are four different options (left to right): square, rounded square, squircle and teardrop. Find the setting with a long-press on the home screen and tap Settings. It’s unclear if the ability to change the shape of app icons in Oreo will end up being limited to the Pixel launcher, or if it’s a feature coming to all Oreo devices.

12. Sync all your data

Chrome has synced data across devices for a while now, but Android Oreo is expanding that with a new Autofill feature. With your permission, it allows the syncing of app logins, credit card details, addresses and other information between devices and inside apps like your mobile browser.

Android Oreo- New Features


13. Notification Dots

Notification badges aren’t just for iOS now. Starting with Oreo, Notification Dots appear on an app icon when you have a pending alert. Also you have the option to disable them. Oreo lets apps display notification badges on their home screen icons too: From Settings tap Apps > notifications then Notifications to find the toggle switch. The badges need to be enabled by developers too, so you might not see them in all apps straight away. With Android Oreo, you can snooze notifications with a quick swipe and tap. If you have a text message or email you want to deal with later, swipe to the right on the notification until you see the clock icon. Tap on the clock, select the amount of time you want to snooze it for and then go back to what you were doing.

14. Autofill passwords in apps

Google is extending its autofill tech beyond Chrome and into apps. It will let Google fill in your credentials and log you into the app. Password managing apps, such as 1Password, will also have the option to support autofill within apps

So get all these 14 best features you will have to have an Android phone obviously. If you’re using one of Google’s own mobile devices, such as the Pixel or Nexus, that run the cleanest and most basic version of Android, you’ll be among the first to get Oreo. But if your smartphone has its own carrier-themed skin or front-end, it could be several months before you’re able to get your hands on all the new features. Android Nougat, the last major version of the OS which came out a year ago, is only installed on about 14 per cent of Android phones on the market. So you need a little patience till you get it soon.